My question is: if there were a sufficient number of changes, would Allen’s map book be considered a new and legitimate product? If so, what would be a sufficient number of changes?
Making a cheap knock-off of a Calgary map book has cost a city businessman $8,000.
That’s the fine provincial court Judge Bruce Fraser handed Commodore Allen after ruling he infringed the copyright of map maker David Sherlock.
Fraser, in a written ruling, rejected Allen’s claim his map wasn’t simply a cheaper version of Sherlock’s original work.
Fraser acknowledged Allen made changes in Sherlock's map book, but said they weren't sufficient to make it more than a ripoff.
“Many of the more significant changes were purely cosmetic,” said Fraser.Sherlock complained to police after Allen published AMI Calgary Street Atlas in 2002, and sold 10,000 copies to Certigard of Calgary.
The Green Map System (GMS) is a locally adaptable, globally shared framework for environmental mapmaking. It invites design teams of all ages and backgrounds to illuminate the connections between natural and human environments by mapping their local urban or rural community. Using GMS's shared visual language--a collaboratively designed set of Icons representing the different kinds of green sites and cultural resources--Mapmakers are independently producing unique, regionally flavored images that fulfill local needs, yet are globally connected.Brawer and her colleagues have recently come out with the fifth edition of the New York version of the Green Map, available for download in pdf format. Also check out the Green Map Atlas that is not so much a collection of maps than a description of the processes and challenges faced by the various mapmakers around the world in putting their green map together.
Two years after joining the New York Public Library’s map division in 1937, he went to Germany to explore his ancestral homeland of Pomerania. On the train, he encountered German soldiers mobilizing for the invasion of Poland that launched World War II.He was an avid map collector and even saved hand-drawn maps that people drew to provide directions to their homes.
Ristow retreated to London, then boarded one of the final passenger ships to cross the Atlantic in 1939. That year, in the map division's annual report, he wrote: “Emasculated and disheartened Czechoslovakia becomes part of the German Reich! The World is in turmoil and we must have maps!”
One day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, Ristow was asked to furnish maps of Japan to U.S. authorities. For almost three years, while retaining his position at the New York library, he analyzed maps for the Office of Military Intelligence.
“Mapquest is the most popular mapping service but lags on features and usability. Google is the most notable and has a ubiquitous API. Windows Live Local dazzles with its creative views and features but falls short of the others in direction functionality. Mapquest offers a number of features but still is missing satellite imagery, which makes it trail the competitors in core functionality. Ask Maps is a worthy competitor but had the highest error rate of the group.
“Overall, Yahoo Maps was by far the best application tested. Its fast Flash interface, multipoint directions, live traffic information, and easy send-to-mobile feature make it the hands down winner. It also features the most robust API options.”
“‘The tension between these two modes of navigating goes back to these maps,’ he said. ‘The itinerary represents space as one experiences it on the ground. A map like this has that element, but it starts to introduce the notion that you can conceive of it as a larger unit. It’s a God’s-eye view, which puts you in charge of navigating through space. This is the origin of the notion that you can pull yourself away from the world and see it from above.’It is interesting to note how road mapping has come to dominate the entire mapping enterprise. “Over time,” writes Paumgarten, “as the systems grow more sophisticated, the digital maps will come to look more and more like the world as it’s perceived through the windshield of an automobile. Bodies of water, for example, are often given short shrift, because one cannot drive on them. Navteq takes note of “water polygons,” as they’re called, mainly because people are accustomed to seeing them on their maps. “Maps look very strange if they don’t contain those things,” [Salahuddin] Khan [senior vice president of Navteq] said. ‘There’s an almost paradigmatic expectation on the part of consumers to see maps that look like maps.’ It will be interesting to see how long this expectation survives.”
“The irony is that centuries later, when we have perfected the God’s-eye map and become conversant with it, we have, in the thrall of technology, turned back to the ancient way: the itinerary and the strip map. OnStar and MapQuest zero in on the information that’s relevant to reaching your destination. “They close down your choices and give you a route,” Akerman said.”
Beginning with the Medieval European world view of three continents (Europe, Africa, and Asia) centered on Jerusalem utilizing T-O diagrams and late 15 th century world maps from some of the earliest printed books, the display will proceed to illustrate how Europeans integrated the concept of a new continent (America) during the 16 th and 17 th centuries, and slowly adopted the concept of Australia and Antarctica in the 18 th and 19 th centuries. There will be a variety of thematic map topics and map projections, demonstrating what data is selected for display and how geographical dimensions are transferred from a sphere to a flat piece of paper, often producing unusual compilations or distortions that support strongly held biases or differing world views.”An online exhibit will be available in May 2006.
“We map-makers must make a point of demolishing the illusion that there can be an official, universally accepted representation of the world’s political divisions. There is no such thing as the right map showing the approved version of a country. Finding the relevant form of cartographic expression is a constant challenge. Each approach has its own truth, backed by a rationale, but there are no rules nor is there a supreme authority to which to turn in search of easy answers. No one has the final word on what are only intellectual constructs, inspired by a culture, history and geography.”Maps are also pictures and owe much to art. Cultural and environmental conditions may predispose a cartographer to use one colour over another.
“Look at maps of Africa produced in Europe and you will see they make considerable use of yellow ochre and dark green, to represent the continent’s dry dusty savannah and its dense equatorial forest. But it is apparent from a brief tour of the markets of Ouagadougou or Bamako that Africa’s true colours are much more vivid. A primary schoolteacher in Chad, obliged to use textbooks imported from France, once complained to me: ‘There is something wrong. The maps are so pallid. It’s almost as if they were sick.’”Some of Rakewicz’s work is available for viewing on Le Monde Diplomatique’s website.